Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Germany. His parents were Hermann and Pauline Einstein. He grew up in Munich and attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of five until he was ten years old. After leaving school, he taught himself mathematics and physics from several books he purchased with his own money. His parents were soon concerned about his lack of formal education, so they sent him to the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zurich in 1896.